The Public Safety Act (No.3) began on March 4, 1953. The Act allowed the government to arrest people without trial, and allowed the government to declare martial law. Martial law is when the military, for a temporary period, are in charge of state or country. This law is usually imposed in a state of emergency in order to control chaos such as excessive riots and protests.
This Act was put in place as a response to handle the Defiance Campaign of 1952. The Defiance Campaign of 1952 was led by the African National Congress (ANC). Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo, and Nelson Mandela, were some of the members involved in the organization. The campaign used strategy of boycotts, strikes, civil disobedience, and other non-violent methods. The Public Safety Act was repealed in 1995 by the State of Emergency Act (No.86).
In my opinion, this Act was brought about for the wrong reasons and was misused. However, the original intention of it, using it in order to protect the public’s safety was a good idea.